International harmonization

Activities on international harmonization 

In order to ensure the safety of automobiles and automobile parts, “safety standards for road transport vehicles“ have been established based on the ”Road Traffic Act“ in Japan. There is also a certification system for automobile parts based on the safety standards. The certification system in each country is as follows.

- Europe, Japan - UN agreement in 1958 (mutual certification system)
- North America, South Korea - Self-certification system → Maintenance development
- Original standard certification system China-GB & CCC standard certification system, India-AIS Standard certification system, ASEAN 10 countries - Mutual Recognition of ASEAN (MRA) under consideration.

Recent developments,
- Third revision of the UN agreement signed in 1958
A mechanism was introduced to make it easier for more countries to join the agreement, including emerging Asian countries.

- Establishment of international unified vehicle mutual certification (IWVTA)
* IWVTA (International Whole Vehicle Type Approval)
IWVTA has been established as a model for a highly transparent, sound and reliable type approval process.

At present, international harmonization of safety standards of automobiles is an important issue due to globalization. JAPIA is conducting activities toward the harmonization of international standards, headed by the standard certification subcommittee as follows.

Activities on emerging countries
 
 In the standard certification subcommittee, the common problem related to the standard certification is identified measures for solving the problem and a specific action plans are drafted. We are working with national authorities and industry. Utilizing the power of the members of the subcommittee and the strong presence of the group.

Especially in emerging countries, development of a standard certification system and elimination of low priced bad quality products are progressing along with motorization. It is necessary to collect information on the system of each country in cooperation with other organizations (JAMA, JASIC, CLEPA, etc.).

To that end, we have set up WGs that correspond to each region within the standards certification subcommittee, we are promoting systematic management, and are seeking to grasp information at the world level and disseminate the opinion of the subcommittee.

Recent activities of each WG are as follows.

 - ASEAN WG
Each country is steadily preparing countermeasures in order to reflect them on the guidelines of ASEAN-
MRA (mutual recognition system within the ASEAN region). However, we are concerned about countries moving independently of the international standardization movement. We are working to keep track of the latest information.

 - China WG
Technical standards revision / integration progresses, it is necessary to promote exchanges with GB regulatory authorities and to accelerate the consistency of GB regulations on an international level. We are taking actions with China in collaboration with the JAMA China Subcommittee.

 - India WG
Based on the JAPIA channel to AISC established in Fiscal Year 2015, we are exchanging opinions with Indian side about revision of AIS-037 certification regulations, eliminating differences between from UN-R and introducing new technology laws, as well as supporting individual component projects in expert technical subcommittees.

- Middle East WG
Regulations related to spare parts and so on. will be issued in UAE and we plan to strengthen our response to Middle East relations.